African Journal of Neurological Sciences (AJNS) is owned and controlled by the Pan African Association of Neurological Sciences (PAANS). The AJNS’s aim is to publish scientific papers of any aspects of Neurological Sciences. AJNS is published biannually. Articles submitted exclusively to the AJNS are accepted if neither the article nor any part of its essential substance, tables, or figures has been or will be published or submitted elsewhere.


Original Papers
Clinical Studies
Progress Reviews
Special Topics
Experimental Studies
Pathology Report
Anatomic Report
Surgical Anatomy
Surgical Approaches
Instrumentation and Application
Case Reports
Letters to the editors / Opinion
African Art / Culture
Book Reviews

Manuscripts may be written in French or/and in English. Manuscripts are examined by the editorial staff and are sent to outside reviewers. Manuscripts are reviewed anonymously. Decisions about acceptable or rejected manuscripts may take within 8 to 10 weeks.

The entire manuscript must be typed, double-spaced, with 12 point in the Times font.

Manuscript must be sent only by EMAIL to the PAANS at :

Page 1 : title page

The title should be in English and in French. This title page should contain the full name of each author and their current institutional affiliation ; the complete address, telephone and facsimile numbers, and e-mail address of the author to whom all correspondence should be addressed.

Page 2 : abstract

The abstract must be clear, precise and concise (no more than 250 words) describing the :

Background : briefly describe the problem being addressed and summary of background data.

Methods : define the basic design, procedures, and/or setting in which the study was conducted.

Results : significant data and observations gathered.

Conclusions : Interpret findings and give principal conclusions from the results and recommended guidance pathways and/or need for future investigations.

Key Words : - 3 or 6 words - one line below the abstract and listed in alphabetical order. Use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) from Index Medicus.

Page 3 : text

The text must be clear, precise and concise. Abbreviations should be restricted to a minimum and defined in the text when first mentioned. Anatomical terms should conform to the rules of the International Anatomical nomenclature.

Introduction :
-  state the purpose of the article
-  summarize the rationale for the undertaking.
-  reference major background.

Materials and Methods/Case Material. The Materials and Methods section should include enough details so that the methodology is clearly understood. It is appropriate to refer to previous work if the methodology has been reported in detail; however, this section should include enough information for the reader to gain an understanding of the methodology without referring to previous reports.

Results : summarize the findings of the study. When stastical signifificance is attributed, cite the specific method of analysis and use the upper case italic P (P<0.005).

Discussion : . concisely emphasize the major findings of the study or investigation . use subheadings so that the reader can follow the authors’ train of thought.

Conclusions : . restate the major findings of the study or report and . address their potential clinical implications and/or application.


Tables should be typed on individual pages and cited in numerical order in the text. Each table requires a title and a short legend. All measurements should be given in System International (SI) metric units, given in parentheses throughout the text. Abbreviations are not permitted in table titles Include written permission from publishers to reproduce any illustrations or tables that have been published previously.


Figures are either in black and white line drawings or high quality photographs. Two copies of each figure (each set in a separate envelope) must be submitted. Color figures will be published at the editor’s discretion. All figures and tables must be referred to in numerical order in the text. On the back of each figure should be indicated : author’s initials, the number. Figure orientation marked by an arrow should indicated the top. Figures should be accompanied by brief legends, typed double-spaced on pages separate from the text. Legends should include enough information to interpret the figure without reference to the text.

For photographs of recognizable persons, written authorization from the subject must be obtained.


The size of a picture must not exceed 400 KiloOctet (Ko).

Page ... : references

Reference numbers in the text should be enclosed in parentheses on the line of type at the citation of the author(s)’name(s) or enclosed in parentheses on the line of type at the ends of sentences.

References should be typed, double-spaced, on pages separate from the text numbered consecutively according to the alphabetical arrangement of authors. References from journals should include all authors, the full title of the article, the name of the journal abbreviated according to the Index Medicus, and inclusive page numbers. Please check all references and be sure all of them are cited within the text, and are

Article ODEKU EL, ADELOYE A, OSUNTOKUN BO, WILLIAMS AO. Intracranial tumour pattern in Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr J Med Sci. 1973;4(2):137-41.

Book DUMAS M, LEGER JM, PESTRE-ALEXANDRE M. Manifestations neurologiques et psychiatriques des parasitoses. 2nd ed.Paris : Masson 1986 :206

Chapter in a Book : PASQUIER F, JACOB B. How to evaluate cognitive dysfonction in patients with vascular dementia ? In : Leys D, Scheltens Ph (eds) Vascular dementia. Dordrecht, ICG Publications, 1994 :47-53.

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ISSN: 1992-2647